Khamiri roti is a traditional Indian bread that was a staple in the Mughal era. It is made using whole wheat flour, yeast, and milk and is extremely soft and spongy. Here is how to make it.
About This Recipe
Khamiri roti is a super soft and spongy fermented bread that was a staple in the Indian subcontinent during the Mughal era.
It is a rich Indian flatbread that is made using whole wheat flour and is still popular in the Muslim households which reside in the old parts of New Delhi and some parts of Pakistan.
Yeast or khamir is added to the flour, which makes Khamiri Roti extra soft and spongy. Yeast is also called khameer in Urdu and thus the name.
In olden times, people used to leave the dough overnight on the counter to ferment it, but with the commercial yeast and baking soda easily available nowadays, the process to make these roties has become quicker and easier.
Traditionally, these were cooked in a clay tandoor, but you can also make them in an oven or a skillet over the stovetop. While serving, don’t forget to slather some desi ghee on top.
Whole Wheat Flour – The base of Khamiri roti is made using whole wheat flour.
Active Dry Yeast – Yeast is used to making the dough rise which in turn makes the rotis soft and spongy.
Warm Milk – Make sure that the milk is warm and not hot for the yeast to bloom perfectly.
Other Ingredients – Some more ingredients that are required to make this roti are sugar, salt, and water.
You can also add in a little fennel powder to add some richness and royal touch.
How To Make Khamiri Roti
Mix ½ cup warm milk, 1 teaspoon sugar, and 1 teaspoon active dry yeast in a bowl or a measuring jar. Keep it aside for about 5 minutes. The yeast will bloom during this time. If it doesn’t bloom, it means that either the yeast has expired or the milk was too hot which killed the yeast. If the yeast has expired, you will have to buy a new packet and if the milk was too hot, then you can bloom the yeast again in less warm milk.
Adding sugar is important to feed the yeast and help it grow.
Mix 2 cups whole wheat flour and ½ teaspoon salt in a large bowl. You can use take a parat (Indian large shallow utensil) to mix the dough.
Add the milk and yeast mixture to the bowl and mix everything well using your fingers.
Add warm water little by little and knead to make a soft dough. The amount of water will depend on the quality of the flour. Do not add a lot of water at once otherwise, the dough will become sticky.
Once the dough is made, knead it for 2-3 minutes using the knuckles of your hands until it is soft and smooth. Cover the bowl with a kitchen cloth and keep it on the counter for 30 minutes or until the dough slightly increase in size.
Preheat an oven to 250 degrees C (480 degrees F). Divide the dough into 10-12 equal parts and make small balls from each part.
Take one ball and dust it with dry flour. Roll it to make a 5-6 inch circle. Roll 3-4 balls at a time and keep the rest covered with the cloth to avoid drying.
Arrange the circles on a baking sheet and bake on the upper rack of the oven for 3-4 minutes.
Remove the tray from the oven and cook the roties on the direct flame from both sides till brown spots form. Smear with ghee and serve hot.
Frequently Asked Questions
To make this roti without an oven, heat a tawa over high heat. Roll the roti and generously brush with water on one side. Place the roti on the hot tawa with the water-side down. Now turn the tawa upside down and cook the roti on the direct flame until puffed and browned. Check out my recipe to make Missi Roti on ulta tawa for more details.
Replace regular milk with warm water or any plant-based milk. All the other ingredients are vegan-friendly.
If you have ever visited the streets of Old Delhi, you would have seen that the locals serve this chewy Khamiris along with Nalli Nihari or with a rich Mutton Korma. It makes for an exceptional combination!
This roti tastes best when served warm but you can store them in an airtight container for up to 2 days in the refrigerator. Heat them in a microwave until warm and then on the direct flame to crisp them up before serving.
You can also freeze them for up to 2 months. Thaw, warm, and crisp before serving.
You can also make the dough and refrigerate it for up to 3 days. Make fresh roti whenever you want using the dough.
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Khamiri Roti Recipe
- ½ cup warm milk (use water or any other plant-based milk for vegan. Milk should be WARM and not HOT.)
- 1 teaspoon sugar
- 1 teaspoon active dry yeast
- 2 cups whole wheat flour
- ½ teaspoon salt
- warm water to knead the dough (as required)
- Mix warm milk, sugar, and yeast in a bowl or a measuring jar. Keep it aside for about 5 minutes to bloom.
- Mix whole wheat flour and salt in a large bowl.
- Add the milk and yeast mixture to the bowl and mix everything well using your fingers.
- Add warm water little by little and knead to make a soft dough. The amount of water will depend on the quality of the flour. Do not add a lot of water at once otherwise, the dough will become sticky.
- Once the dough is made, knead it for 2-3 minutes using the knuckles of your hands. Cover the bowl with a kitchen cloth and keep it on the counter for 30 minutes.
- Preheat an oven to 250 degrees C (480 degrees F). Divide the dough into 10-12 equal parts and make small balls from each part.
- Dust one ball with dry flour and roll it to make a 5-6 inch circle. Roll 3-4 balls at a time and keep the rest covered with the cloth to avoid drying.
- Arrange the circles on a baking sheet. Bake for 3-4 minutes on the upper rack of the oven.
- Remove from oven and cook the roties on the direct flame from both sides till brown spots form. Smear with ghee and serve hot.